Japan Biology Olympiad Committee
Letter of invitation to all schools and responsible office of each prefecture. Web page and other media are also mobilized for the promotion together with open seminars for local students and school teachers.
JBO is basically composed of two committees related to each other; one is Organizing Committee (Chair: Dr. Makoto Asashima) based on academic societies of biology in Japan and the other is Steering Committee (Chair: Dr. Sadao Yasugi).
Steering Committee has several functional divisions;
1) general affairs
2) public relations
3) international affairs,
4) conducting primary examination
5) performing secondary examination
6) selecting IBO delegates.
Members of Steering Committee are mainly university faculty members and high school teachers related to biology.
Secretarial office resides in Japan Science Foundation (Mr. Tsutomu Ueki); 2-1, Kitanomaru-Koen, Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo, 102-0091 Japan. email@example.com
National competition has three stages. At the primary selection in July (theoretical examinations), top 80 students are selected. Secondary selection in August (practical examinations) is performed for the students. At the secondary selection, top 15 students, who will fit for the coming international competition, are selected. Finally after the third paper test in March, top 4 students are chosen as the delegates for IBO based on their scores of a theoretical and essay examination.
JBO holds national competition of biology for high school students.
Selection of the IBO delegates is made through this national
competition. Students at age under 20 before entering high educational
institution or specified course can join this national competition.
Student with any nationality but resident in Japan can challenge this
competition as well. However, language used in the examination is
The primary selection, composed of about 30 theoretical examinations with alternative choices, covering the standard curriculum of Japanese high schools and considering advanced IBO examination, is performed to high school students. The secondary selection is made by total score of four practical exams and the point at the primary theoretical test.
The delegate students are supported by faculties at nearby universities through e-mail or by visiting their laboratories. Special training for them is carried out with hands on practice and lectures by a project team of JBO.
A project team of JBO prepares the special textbooks for the secondary selection and the special training. JBO also recommends Japanese edition of “Campbell’s Biology” as a reference.
At the primary selection, top 5% and 10% students are awarded a certificate from JBO. After the second test, gold, silver and bronze medals are given to the contestants based on the total score of the two tests. Admission offices of several Japanese universities treat these certificate and medals as a preferential criterion.
The IBO competition and selection of Japanese delegates are well exposed on both nation-wide and local media.
Grants from Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) support JBO activities including primary, secondary and final examination for delegates selections, students training, travel of a delegation team to the site of IBO, etc.
Private persons and companies donate to JBO. It is used for items, which can not be covered by the governmental support.
MEXT (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, and Technology of Japan) is the main funding body of JST.
Students of grades 7 to 12, and students under age 20, who are not enrolled in the higher educational institution, are eligible to participate in the national biology competition, which serves as primary selection for the IBO competition in part.
Students are able to enter primary
selection (theoretical question) by ordinary mail, or from the web
site, and they can choose one of nearby examination locations in Japan.
About 4,000 students participated in the national competition. The number of school that send contestants is about 500, corresponding to 10% of senior high schools in Japan.